This one is similar to #1. This particular type of question
is one of the most commonly missed ones, and will get you high points on the CBT!!
So remember this one!
3. After her death in 1986 many documentaries ______ Georgia O'Keeffe
related the life and work of to relate life and work life and working to relate relating the life and work of
modifies documentaries; we can also call this a reduced adjective clause.
4. ______ the passage of light, many new plastics are processed using
technologies rivaling those used in the manufacture of computer chips.
Infinitive of purpose. We are explaining
why plastics are processed in this way, so we should use the infinitive
For the better of
It is better for
5. The architecture exhibited in the Empire State Building and conveyed
us an idea of the prevailing attitudes of the day is important for
the historical and cultural value it represents.
conveyed ==> conveying
perennial problem: Do I use -ing or -ed? Here we need the -ing form because architecture
is the subject of the verbal conveying.
Billy) wrote this problem this way because I noticed that many of my students
were missing real TOEFL questions (just like this one) because they were simply
matching the Ed form in conveyed with the Ed form in exhibited and
assuming it was correct that way.
Nope! Not a good strategy--you'll
miss the harder questions if you do that!!
6. In 2001 George W. Bush, Jr., entered his first year
office as President of the United States.
entered office ==> of office
have this preposition!
7. Similar in climate and geography many
northeastern cities is Portland, the largest city in Oregon.
in many ==> to many
similar + to
This one's a little bit tricky because the similar and
the to are separated by in climate and geography, but the rule is
8. Uranium, ______ , is an exceedingly rare and potentially dangerous
to found in trace quantities found in trace quantities
problem again. -ing or Ed? -ing or Ed? -ing or Ed? It never ends... Anyway, Erin
Billy says that we need the Ed form here because uranium is the object of the
finding in trace quantities
to be found in trace quantities
9. The Flower Market in San Francisco is ______, and was established
in the 1930's.
home to the country's second largest flower market
home to is a fixed phrase and means something like
"the location of."
Home of the second largest flower market in the country
one's almost correct, but we'd have to use the with home
since home of is NOT a fixed phrase.
the second flower market in the country's home of
the home to the second country's large flower market
10. Because of extensive research in the field of genetic engineers,
scientists can now create plants that farmers can grow in harsh
research engineers ==> engineering
We're talking about the subject, not the people.