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Prepositions: What you need to know!!

Prepositions


Any questions? Ask in the TestMagic Forum!

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Rule

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the most important rule for prepositions is:


preposition + noun

 

This is the TestMagic list of most of the prepositions you will ever see on the TOEFL. There are a few more prepositions in English that are not listed here, but you will probably not see them on the TOEFL since they are fairly uncommon.

This list is very important-you should know at least 90% of this list. And don't forget, after every preposition, we must have a noun, and only a noun; NEVER can we have a verb after a preposition.

Be careful!!

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Six (6) of these prepositions can also be subordinating conjunctions . In other words, they can be followed by a noun or by a sentence, depending on the meaning.

Huh? Can you show me some examples??

Sure, no problem. Look:

  • After lunch, I felt sleepy.
    • In this sentence, After is a preposition and is therefore followed by only one noun, lunch (no verb here!!).
  • After I worked twelve hours, I felt tired.
  • I worked until midnight.
    • Here, until is a preposition and is followed by a noun, midnight. No verbs, please!!!
  • I worked until I felt tired.

List

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  1. aboard
  2. about
  3. above
  4. absent
  5. according to
  6. across
  7. after (This one can also be a subordinating conjunction . In other words, it can be followed by a noun or a sentence, depending on the meaning).
  8. against
  9. ahead of
  10. all over
  11. along
  12. alongside
  13. amid or amidst
  14. among
  15. around
  16. as (This one can also be a subordinating conjunction . In other words, it can be followed by a noun or a sentence, depending on the meaning).
  17. as of
  18. as to
  19. as + ADVERB OF TIME + as
  20. as early as
  21. as late as
  22. as often as
  23. as much as
  24. as many as, etc.
  25. aside
  26. astride
  27. at
  28. away from
  29. bar
  30. barring
  31. because of
  32. before (This one can also be a subordinating conjunction . In other words, it can be followed by a noun or a sentence, depending on the meaning).
  33. behind
  34. below
  35. beneath
  36. beside
  37. besides
  38. between
  39. beyond
  40. but
  41. by
  42. by the time of
  43. circa
  44. close by
  45. close to
  46. concerning
  47. considering
  48. despite
  49. down
  50. due to
  51. during
  52. except
  53. except for
  54. excepting
  55. excluding
  56. failing
  57. for (This one can also be a subordinating conjunction . In other words, it can be followed by a noun or a sentence, depending on the meaning).
  58. for all (this means despite)
  59. from
  60. given
  61. in
  62. in between
  63. in front of
  64. in keeping with
  65. in place of
  66. in spite of
  67. in view of
  68. including
  69. inside
  70. instead of
  71. into
  72. less
  73. like
  74. minus
  75. near
  76. near to
  77. next to
  78. notwithstanding
  79. of
  80. off
  81. on
  82. on top of
  83. onto
  84. opposite
  85. other than
  86. out
  87. out of
  88. outside
  89. over
  90. past
  91. pending
  92. per
  93. plus
  94. regarding
  95. respecting
  96. round
  97. save
  98. saving
  99. similar to
  100. since (This one can also be a subordinating conjunction . In other words, it can be followed by a noun or a sentence, depending on the meaning).
  101. TestMagic List © 2002
  102. than
  103. thanks to (this means because of)
  104. through
  105. throughout
  106. till
  107. to
  108. toward or towards (both forms are correct, but toward is considered slightly more formal)
  109. under
  110. underneath
  111. unlike
  112. until (This one can also be a subordinating conjunction . In other words, it can be followed by a noun or a sentence, depending on the meaning).
  113. unto
  114. up
  115. upon
  116. up to
  117. versus
  118. via
  119. wanting
  120. with
  121. within
  122. without
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