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Reading Passage #04: "Each advance in microscopic technique..."

 


TestMagic Top 10 Vocab List

This exercise was written by Erin Billy.

This list is designed to help you learn new TOEFL vocabulary and remember it.

TestMagic has chosen the Top 10 words or phrases that are most likely to appear on your next TOEFL test and put them on this list. We have NOT included the vocab that is already contained in the practice test.

To make full use of this list, you should look at the Parts of Speech (that will help you with the grammar section), and read each Sample Sentence. The Sample Sentences are designed to be easy to remember and understand. Furthermore, each sentence has other useful vocabulary in it as well.

Finally, test yourself by taking the little quiz in the last column. Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the words in bolded red. TestMagic has simulated the TOEFL vocab questions here--they are just as tricky as the real TOEFL questions!

Good luck! Any comments? Contact TestMagic!

When you are done, click here for the answers.

Note: The buttons will NOT give you the answers. You will need to check your answers by yourself.

 


 

# New Word Part of Speech Sample Sentence Sample TOEFL Vocab Question

1.

matter (line 2)

 

All matter in the universe is composed of atoms, which are in turn composed of protons, electrons, and neutrons.

substance

2.

realm (line 4)

 

In the realm

field

3.

utilizes (line 6)

 

 

uses

4.

virtually (line 10)

 

 

almost

5.

halted (line 10)

 

 

stop

6.

routinely (line 11)

 

 

regularly

7.

revived (line 14)

 

 

d

8.

largely (line 14)

 

 

mostly

9.

considerably (line 18)

 

 

greatly

10.

map (line 19)

 

 

determine

11. promise (line 20)    The Internet holds the promise to become one of the great inventions in the history of humankind.

potential

12. intact (line 26)   The casing surrounding the Declaration of Independence in the National Archives is designed to remain intact in almost any foreseeable disaster.

whole

Answers 

 


 

 

 

 

Vocab Practice

New word, line #

Part of Speech

Related Word

Meaning

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

 

Explanations for the Questions

#

Explanation

29. C
30. D
31. D
32. A
33. B The author is showing us how different inventions have lead to different discoveries in science, specifically, three microscopes are mentioned--the first was a simple microscope that uses natural light and the second was the electron microscope. The X-ray microscope is the latest advancement. Answer choice (B) is the closest answer.
34. B In lines 13-17 we learn that the development of the X-ray microscope was possible because of some new advances in science.
35. D This is an inference question, which means that the answer is not directly stated. However, if we look at lines 21-24, we will learn that 

 

36. D
37. B
38. C

 

 

TestMagic Grammar Practice: Tough ones!

 

These grammar exercises are designed to reinforce the vocab you have just learned and certain "TOEFL traps."

When you are done, click here for the answers.

Note: The buttons will NOT give you the answers. You will need to check your answers by yourself.

11. Many inventors rush to patent their inventions before they announce them ------ their rights to the invention.
for their protection
so that they can protect 
protecting

so they can protect that
12. The early European settler in North America found that they could plant and harvest corn relatively easily.
settler
found
harvest

relatively
13. Cattle ranching is one of the most important agricultural activity in the United States, primarily because Americans have a passion for beef.
Cattle ranching
activity
primarily because

for
14. In order to satisfy America's passion for beef, cattle ranchers reserve many thousands of acres of grazing land ------.
to raise their cattle
after they raising their cattle
for the raising cattle

of cattle raising
15. A serrated knife is more effective at cutting bread than is smooth-edged knife.

smooth-edged
16. First-timers at gym should be careful not to lift too much weight so that they do not strain their muscles.
gym

17. While the technology to eliminate currency exists, ------ has ever been put into place.
no practical method

18. If the strands of a spider's web were woven together, ------ than metal wire of the same thickness.
the resulting cord would be stronger

19. Many beautiful piece of sculpture have been created by using thin light welded pieces of metal in the sculpture.
piece

20. Most cinemas use several film reels while showing a film since feature length films generally run at 90 to 140 minutes or more.

at

21. Many inventors rush to patenting their inventions before they announce them so that they can protect their rights to the invention.
patenting

22. The early European settlers in North America found that they could plant and harvest corn relatively easily.

c

23. Because livestock ranches produce some 40 billion pounds of meat per year, cattle ranching is considered leading agricultural activity in the United States.

leading 
24. In order to satisfy American's passion for beef, cattle ranchers reserve many thousands of acres of grazing land to raise their cattle.

25. A serrated knife is more effective at cutting bread than is a smooth-edged knife.

26. First-timers at a gym should be careful not to lift too much weight so that they do not strain their muscles.

27. While the technology to eliminate currency exists, no practical method has ever been put into place.

28. If the strands of a spider's web were woven together, the resulting cord would be stronger than metal wire of the same thickness.

29. Many beautiful pieces of sculpture have been created by using thin light welded pieces of metal in the sculpture.

30. Most cinemas use several film reels while showing a film since feature length films generally run from 90 to 140 minutes or more.

Answers

 Vocab answers: 1.C  2.A  3.A  4.C  5.D  6.A  7.C  8.B  9.B  10.D 11.B  12.A  13.B  14.A  15.D  16.A  17.C  18.B  19.B  20.C  21.A  22.C  23.D  24.A  25.D  26.D  27.C  28.D  29.C  30. B