Explanations for the TOEFL Listening
Comprehension, Part B, Questions 31 to 38, Test D from the 1998
Official TOEFL Kit
||Here are the answers,
corrections, and explanations for the Written Expression section
of Test D of the 1998 Kit that we actually used in class.
You will notice that some of the explanations have extra questions or
vocab. That's because these are the questions that TestMagic students
actually asked in class for that particular question.
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use this word when we want to say that the price of something is not the
"true" price--that somebody else, like the government, is
paying part of the cost so that the person does not have to pay so much
money. For example, it is very common for the government to subsidize
the cost of college education in the United States.
In this case, this word means that the student does
not pay the full cost of the housing. It is very common for housing to
be subsidized by the government or
the university in the United States.
students are students who have
finished their undergraduate degrees
and are continuing their educations either as Master's candidates or
Ph.D. candidates. Sometimes students are confused by these words because
in some other countries, these terms are different. For example, in
Portuguese, we say a "post-graduate student."
In other words:
a US undergraduate
student = a graduate students
a US graduate student
= a post-graduate student elsewhere
we qualify for something, then we
meet the requirements for something. For example, in order to receive a
scholarship, I might have to show that I have a 3.5 or better GPA and
that I do not receive support from my parents. If those two things are
true about me, then I say that I qualify.
annual means yearly and income
refers to the money you earn or receive. In the US, we usually talk
about how much money we make in a year, not in one month.
means we do not work full-time.
Usually, full-time means something
like 35 to 40 hours per week. Part-time
is something like less than 35 hours per week.
is someone who helps a professor do some research. These people usually
receive a small stipend (like a
salary) for their work, but it's not usually very much.
can say this when we easily meet some requirements.
use this expression a lot. This means that "it might not be
true." For example:
Lions can be very dangerous animals, but they are not
necessarily dangerous since they are sometimes sleeping or do
not want to bother us for some other reason.
You can compare this to:
Plutonium is necessarily
a dangerous substance to humans since a tiny speck can cause cancer.
crazy around here
use this one a lot! crazy simply
means busy. We can say that a
shopping mall is crazy on the
weekends, that traffic was really crazy,
or that the airport was really crazy
during the snowstorm.
say this when we want to say that one person in particular is the only
person we can talk to.
man hopes that he can live in the low-cost housing for students.
living with my wife's parents"
man says that he and his wife are living with his wife's parents.
think my wife and I may qualify,
since she's still in graduate
woman tells the man that only married graduate students can live in the
low-cost housing. The man says that his wife is a graduate student, and
obviously, she is married. Therefore, he thinks he and his wife can live
working as a part-time research assistant,
so that's no problem!"
man implies that he meets all the requirements since he says that's
no problem. One of the requirements is that the applicants make less
than $15,000 per year, so we can infer that he also meets this
afternoon might be better. It can be pretty crazy
around here on a Friday morning."
we learned above, means very busy. The woman suggests that the man come when
it's not so busy.