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Reading Passage #02: "Social parasitism involves..."


TestMagic Top 10 Vocab List

This list is designed to help you learn new TOEFL vocabulary and remember it.

TestMagic has chosen the Top 10 words or phrases that are most likely to appear on your next TOEFL test and put them on this list. We have NOT included the vocab that is already contained in the practice test.

To make full use of this list, you should look at the Parts of Speech (that will help you with the grammar section), and read each Sample Sentence. The Sample Sentences are designed to be easy to remember and understand. Furthermore, each sentence has other useful vocabulary in it as well.

Finally, test yourself by taking the little quiz in the last column. Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the words in bolded red. TestMagic has simulated the TOEFL vocab questions here--they are just as tricky as the real TOEFL questions!

Good luck! Any comments? Contact TestMagic!

When you are done, click here for the answers.

Note: The buttons will NOT give you the answers. You will need to check your answers by yourself.

 

# New Word Part of Speech Sample Sentence Sample TOEFL Vocab Question
1. foraging for   Early hominids spent a large portion of every day foraging for food since they had not yet developed a system of agriculture.
washing
cooking
planting

looking for
2. brood   The mother of a litter of pups will care for her brood until they are able to live on their own.
offspring
mate
dwelling

fur
3. compensates for   Although homo sapiens is among the weakest of all animals, it compensates for this weakness by having an exceptional capacity for memory and reasoning.
worsens
ignores
makes up for

shows
4. deficit   A deficit in one learning ability, for example, in auditory processing, can be compensated for in another area, for example, in spatial reasoning.
performance
challenge
lack

ability
5. raid   An effective army will generally conduct a raid on its enemy in the early hours, while the enemy is presumably sleeping.
examination
interview
attack

interrogation
6. penetrates   If an instrument penetrates the skin and exposes the vulnerable flesh to open air and other potential contaminants, infection is possible if the wound is not treated. 
irritates
breaks
causes a rash on

marks
7. reared   In several studies done on children abandoned in the wild, researchers found that the apes finding the young helpless children reared them as their own.
abandoned
carried
fed

raised
8. capture   Perhaps the greatest advantage of photography is its ability to capture a moment in time and preserve it.
catch
see
show

prolong
9. apparent   The apparent rotation of the Sun around the Earth is misleading; it is in fact the Earth that orbits the Sun.
seeming
fast
elliptical

false
10. host/ parasite   The common tick is one of nature's most patient parasites, able to wait up to two years for a potential host to pass by.
Which of the following relationships is most like that of a host and parasite?
mother/son
employer/ employee
society/ thief

cinema/ moviegoer
Answers

 


 

TestMagic Grammar Practice: Tough ones!

 

These grammar exercises are designed to reinforce the vocab you have just learned and certain "TOEFL traps."

When you are done, click here for the answers.

Note: The buttons will NOT give you the answers. You will need to check your answers by yourself.

11. Not having yet developed a system of agriculture, early hominids spent a large portion of every day ------.
foraging food
to forage food
foraging for food

to forage for food
12. ------, the mother of a litter of pups will typically care for her brood until it is able to sustain itself.
Not able to survive on its own
A natural caregiver
To give care naturally

Although a natural caregiver
13. ------ of all animals, homo sapiens compensates for this weakness by having an exceptional capacity for memory and reasoning.
Despite the weakest
Because of being the weakest
To be the weakest

Although among the weakest
14. In effective learners, a deficit in one learning ability, say, in auditory processing, ------ another area, say, in spatial reasoning.
is compensated for in
compensates for
compensating for

compensated in for
15. An effective army ------ its enemy in the early hours, while the enemy is presumably sleeping.
will conduct a generally raid
will generally raid
generally conducts a raid

generally raids on
16. If an instrument penetrates the skin and exposes the vulnerable flesh ------, infection is possible if the wound is not treated. 
to contaminate potentially
to contaminants potentially
and potential contaminants

to potential contamination
17. In several studies done on children abandoned in the wild, researchers found apes have ------ the young helpless children as they would have their own young.
tendency to rear
to tend to rear
a rearing tendency

a tendency to rear
18. ------ a moment in time, it also preserves it for many decades to come.
A photograph captures
Not only does a photograph capture
Not only a photograph captures

No photograph does capture
19. The apparent rotation of the Sun around the Earth mislead early astronomers, who believed ------ the Sun that was the center of our solar system.
it was the Earth and not
that it was the Earth and
that the Earth and not

that was the Earth and not
20. The common tick is one of nature's most patient parasites, ------ potential host to pass by.
which are able to wait up to two years for
being able to two years wait for a
that are able to wait up to two years for a

able to wait up to two years for a
21. Not having yet developed a system of agriculture, early hominids spent large portion of every day foraging for food.
22. Natural caregiver, the mother of a litter of pups will typically care for her brood until it is able to sustain itself.
23. Among the weakest of all animals, homo sapiens compensates for this weakness by having exceptional capacity for memory and reasoning.
24. In effective learners, deficit in one learning ability, say, in auditory processing, can be overcome by compensating the weakness in another area, say, in spatial reasoning.
25. Effective army will generally raid its enemy in the early hours of the morning, while the enemy is presumably sleeping.
26. If an instrument penetrates the skin and exposes the vulnerable flesh to potentially harmful bacteria, infection is possible if wound is not treated
27. In several studies done on children abandoned in the wild, researchers found apes have tendency to rear the young helpless children as they would have their own young.
28. Not only does a photograph capture moment in time, it also preserves it for many decades to come.
29. Apparent rotation of the Sun around the Earth mislead early astronomers, who believed it was the Sun that was the center of our solar system.
30. The common tick is one of nature's most patient parasites, able to wait up to two years for potential host to pass by.
Answers