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Free TOEFL Practice :: Structure 131-140 ANSWERS


 

TOEFL Structure: Quick Test #131-140: ANSWERS

All questions and explanations were written by Erin Billy, specifically for the areas of difficulty of TestMagic students.

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Test

131. C
Ellis Island ______ in 1892.

opening
opens
opened

We need a verb in the past tense since 1892 is in the past.

was opening

 

132. ABill Clinton received his [former] education [at] Georgetown and Yale Universities, from the latter [of which] he received a degree [in law].

former

Correction: formal

former is an adjective, but its meaning is illogical if it is used to describe education; we should use the word formal instead, which means structured.

at
of which
in law

 

133. C[Businesses] are responsible [to] the Internal Revenue Service [to keep] accurate [financial] records.

Businesses
to
to keep

Correction: for keeping

We need to use this pattern here:

responsible to x for y

For example, we can say I am responsible to my boss for my work.

financial

 

134. BJohn Hancock's signature on the Declaration of Independence is known for ______.

large size

This answer choice is almost correct, but we need a determiner since size is a singular count noun. 

its large size

size is a singular count noun and therefore needs a determiner.

being large size

If we want to use this choice, we would have to say being large in size.

to be large size

If we want to use this choice, we would have to say to be large in size.

 

135. D[The] human body is composed [largely of] water and needs a [steady] supply of water to remain [healthily].

The
largely of
steady
healthily

remain is a linking verb and cannot be followed by an adverb; we must use an adjective to describe the noun supply.

136. DMartha Graham was [an] excellent dancer; her body was strong and [flexible], [her movements] graceful and [power].

an
flexible
her movements
power

Correction: powerful

powerful is parallel with graceful (an adjective). Therefore, power, which is a noun or a verb, is incorrect. Both of these adjectives modify movements.

This question is hard because we have omitted some words. The original sentence would be much easier to understand. Here's the original sentence:

Martha Graham was an excellent dancer; her body was strong and flexible, and her movements were graceful and power.

137. AThe 1984 Democratic Convention ______ in San Francisco.

was held

First, we need to use past tense here since 1984 is in the past. Second, we need passive voice, was held, since the Convention is the object of the verb to hold.

holds
held
is holding

 

138. AMontana is the [four] largest state in the United States but [it is] one of [the] most [sparsely] populated.

four

Correction: fourth

We need to use the ordinal form (e.g., first, second, third, etc.) here. If we wanted to use the regular counting form, we would have an illogical meaning: Montana is the four largest states. Besides, state would have to be plural with four.

it is
the
sparsely

 

139. BThe Procrastinators Club of America, founded in 1956, has ______ some 10,000.

members

We need a preposition for the pronoun 10,000.

a membership of

First, we need an object for has. Second, we need to use a preposition with the pronoun 10,000. By the way, some means approximately.

members of

This meaning is illogical.

the membership

We need a preposition for the pronoun 10,000.

140. DMosquitoes are [easily] [found] wherever there is [standing] water and [temperate] climate.

easily
found
standing
temperate

Correction: a temperate

climate is a singular count noun and therefore needs a determiner.

 

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